An architectural drawing is a technical drawing, visually communicating how something functions or is constructed, of a building or a building project.
Who Uses Architectural Drawings
Architects use Architectural Drawings when they develop and design ideas into logical proposals, communicate ideas and enable a building contractor to construct it.
Architectural Drawings Conventions
Particular views like floor plans, section, sheet sizes, units of measurement and scales, annotation and referencing are used as a set of conventions to make an architectural drawing.
Drawings were originally made using ink and paper thus copies required a lot of work and Architects had to draw it by hand.
How did the development of the computer change the way technical drawings are created?
- Manual drawings are no longer in use.
- New possibilities of using organic shapes and complex geometry.
Today, CAD software is used to create drawings much faster than years ago.
Types of Architectural Drawings
- Floor Plan
A Floor Plan shows the arrangement at a particular level of a building with a view from above. The spaces in building is also shown similar to a map.
- Site Plan
A site plan shows the boundaries of property and nearby structures relevant to the architecture design.
An Elevation is the view of a building as recognized from one side. This view is described as the external appearance of a building.
Architects use the word elevation as a synonym for façade. When an architects speaks about the north elevation it means that they are talking about the north-facing wall of the building.
- Cross Section
A cross section shows a vertical plane cut through an object and Sections are used to describe the connection between different levels of a building.
- Isometric and axonometric projections
Three dimensional objects, showing elements on scale and the relationship between various sides of the same object in order to understand the complexities of a shape is used to represent Isometric and axonometric projections.
- Detail Drawings
Detail drawings show a small part of the construction at a larger scale. A detailed drawing also shows how the component parts fit together.
The days of manually drawing is gone. If you would like to learn how to operate CAD software, have a look at our architectural draughting qualification.